Nigel Campbell's picture

Cocaine Use Can Increase Susceptibility To HIV

Researchers are providing us with even more reasons to keep our noses clean. A new study finds that cocaine use can increase cells' susceptibility to HIV.

Newswise reports:

A new UCLA study published in the October issue of the Journal of Leukocyte Biology examines how cocaine affects a unique population of immune cells called quiescent CD4 T cells, which are resistant to the virus that causes AIDS.

The results: cocaine makes the cells susceptible to infection with HIV, causing both significant infection and new production of the virus.

“The surprising result was that the changes cocaine induced on these cells were very minimal, yet they were sufficient to fuel infection,” said Dimitrios Vatakis, assistant professor of medicine in the division of hematology/oncology at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and the study’s senior author. “We found that cocaine mediates its effects directly, inducing minimal changes in the physiology of these cells and utilizing the same pathways it uses to target the brain.”

...

They found that a three-day exposure to cocaine made the cells more susceptible to HIV infection by stimulating two receptors in the cells, called σ1 and D4. The findings suggest that cocaine use increases the pool of T cells in the human body that can become infected by the virus.

Yeah, we think we'll stick to hugs, not drugs. Thoughts on these new findings, Instincters?

 

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Paxton Reid is my name, i am just so happy and don't know What more i can say in this life? how will i thank high priestess shadi enough for the good job which she just did for me.i have been searching  for long  a real spell caster, for me to get who will help me get back my wife back but i have been scammed so many times by a lot of people who claim they are spell casters and are not, so i was tired of searching then one morning i visited a neighbor and she introduced me to this high priestess shadi and i contacted her and she make a spell for me in the night and after the spell she tells me what to do and i did it and immediately the thing was done she gave me assurance that my wife will start looking for me and pleading for me to accept her back and i was kind of not sure and what made me amazed was she said just 2 days after that is when she will come and  it happened so now my wife came back to me exactly the 2nd day as he said and now i am very happy.HIGH PRIESTESS  SHADI IS REAL!!!! you can contact high priestess shadi through this email, [email protected] so grateful

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i am the happiest woman now ...its been a week now since brian came back to me and now i am assured he has come to stay...all thanks to [email protected] for her spells...she true is a genuine and powerful spell caster....email her today if you need any help [email protected]

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i am here to give testimony of how i got back my husband, we got married for more than 9 years and have gotten two kids. thing were going well with us and we are always happy. until one day my husband started to behave in a way i could not understand, i was very confused by the way he treat me and the kids. later that month he did not come home again and he called me that he want a divorce, i asked him what have i done wrong to deserve this from him, all he was saying is that he want a divorce that he hate me and do not want to see me again in his life, i was mad and also frustrated do not know what to do,i was sick for more than 2 weeks because of the divorce. i love him so much he was everything to me without him my life is incomplete. i told my sister and she told me to contact a spell caster, i never believe in all this spell casting of a thing. i just want to try if something will come out of it. i contacted [email protected] for the return of my husband to me, they told me that my husband have been taken by another woman, that she cast a spell on him that is why he hate me and also want us to divorce. then they told me that they have to cast a spell on him that will make him return to me and the kids, they casted the spell and after 1 week my husband called me and he told me that i should forgive him, he started to apologize on phone and said that he still live me that he did not know what happen to him that he left me. it was the spell that he traditional spell hospital casted on him that make him comeback to me today,me and my family are now happy again today. thank you Dr papa for what you have done for me i would have been nothing today if not for your great spell. i want you my friends who are passing through all this kind of love problem of getting back their husband, wife , or ex boyfriend and girlfriend to contact [email protected] call +27799527702 and you will see that your problem will be solved without any delay.

 

 

 

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Paxton Reid is my name, i am just so happy and don't know What more i can say in this life? how will i thank high priest ozigididon enough for the good job which he just did for me.i have been searching  for long  a real spell caster, for me to get who will help me get back my wife back but i have been scammed so many times by a lot of people who claim they are spell casters and are not, so i was tired of searching then one morning i visited a neighbor and she introduced me to this priest  high priest ozigididon and i contacted him and he make a spell for me in the night and after the spell he tells me what to do and i did it and immediately the thing was done he gave me assurance that my wife will start looking for me and pleading for me to accept her back and i was kind of not sure and what make me amaze he said just 2 days after that is when she will come and as i am talking to you people now my wife came back to me exactly the 2nd day as he said and now i am very happy.HIGH PRIEST OZIGIDIDON IS REAL!!!! you can contact high priest ozigididon through this email, [email protected] so grateful

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 I never believed in love spells or magic until I met this spell caster once when i went to see my friend in Indian this year on a business summit. I meant a man who's name is Dr Agumagu he is really powerful and could help cast spells to bring back one's gone, lost, misbehaving lover and magic money spell or spell for a good job or luck spell .I'm now happy & a living testimony cos the man i had wanted to marry left me 5 weeks before our wedding and my life was upside down cos our relationship has been on for 3years. I really loved him, but his mother was against us and he had no good paying job. So when i met this spell caster, i told him what happened and explained the situation of things to him. At first i was undecided,skeptical and doubtful, but i just gave it a try. And in 7 days when i returned to Canada, my boyfriend (now husband) called me by himself and came to me apologizing that everything had been settled with his mom and family and he got a new job interview so we should get married. I didn't believe it cos the spell caster only asked for my name and my boyfriends name and all i wanted him to do. Well we are happily married now and we are expecting our little kid, and my husband also got the new job and our lives became much better. His email is [email protected]

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I am so glad to let the world know the success be hide my relationship. The secret is Dr.EKPEN

TEMPLE and through his help i have been able to get my lover back within 48 hours and since

then our relationship has been perfect. The best way to get your relationship back on track is

to contact Dr.EKPEN TEMPLE on [[email protected] com] or call him on +2347050270218

And within 48 hours you will be glad you contacted him

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What a beautiful and wonderful testimony
some time things you don’t believe can just
happen.
My name is Mrs JOAN from U.S.A am 25 years
old i got married at the age of 23 i have only
one child and i was living happily .After one
year of my marriage my husband behavior
became so strange and i don’t really
understand what was going on, he packed
out of the house to another woman i love
him so much that i never dream’s of
loosening him, i try my possible best to
make sure that my husband get back to me
but all to no avail i cry and i cry seeking for
help i discussed it with my best friend and
she promise to help me he told me of a man
called Divine he is a very great man and a
real man that can be trusted and there is
nothing concerning love issues he cannot
do that is why they call him DR Divine I
contacted his email address [email protected] And
i told him everything that happen all he told
me is that i should not worry that all my
problems will be solved immediately. He told
me what to do to get my husband back and
i did, he said after 3days my husband will
come back to me and start begging, it really
happen i was very surprise and very, very
happy our relationship was now very tight
and we both live happily again.
So my advice for you now is to contact this
same email
address,[email protected]
if you are in any kind of situation
concerning love issues and any other things
that give you problems.
THANKS..

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 I never believed in love spells or magic until I met this spell caster once when i went to see my friend in Indian this year on a business summit. I meant a man who's name is Dr ATILA he is really powerful and could help cast spells to bring back one's gone, lost, misbehaving lover and magic money spell or spell for a good job or luck spell .I'm now happy & a living testimony cos the man i had wanted to marry left me 5 weeks before our wedding and my life was upside down cos our relationship has been on for 3years. I really loved him, but his mother was against us and he had no good paying job. So when i met this spell caster, i told him what happened and explained the situation of things to him. At first i was undecided,skeptical and doubtful, but i just gave it a try. And in 7 days when i returned to Canada, my boyfriend (now husband) called me by himself and came to me apologizing that everything had been settled with his mom and family and he got a new job interview so we should get married. I didn't believe it cos the spell caster only asked for my name and my boyfriends name and all i wanted him to do. Well we are happily married now and we are expecting our little kid, and my husband also got the new job and our lives became much better. His email is [email protected]

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i am hear to give testimony of how i got back my husband, we got married for more than 9 years and have gotten two kids. thing were going well with us and we are always happy. until one day my husband started to behave in a way i could not understand, i was very confused by the way he treat me and the kids. later that month he did not come home again and he called me that he want a divorce, i asked him what have i done wrong to deserve this from him, all he was saying is that he want a divorce that he hate me and do not want to see me again in his life, i was mad and also frustrated do not know what to do,i was sick for more than 2 weeks because of the divorce. i love him so much he was everything to me without him my life is incomplete. i told my sister and she told me to contact a spell caster, i never believe in all this spell casting of a thing. i just want to try if something will come out of it. i contacted Dr Zuma zuk for the return of my husband to me, they told me that my husband have been taken by another woman, that she cast a spell on him that is why he hate me and also want us to divorce. then they told me that they have to cast a spell on him that will make him return to me and the kids, they casted the spell and after 1 week my husband called me and he told me that i should forgive him, he started to apologize on phone and said that he still live me that he did not know what happen to him that he left me. it was the spell that he Dr Zuma zuk casted on him that make him comeback to me today,me and my family are now happy again today. thank you Dr Zuma zuk for what you have done for me i would have been nothing today if not for your great spell. i want you my friends who are passing through all this kind of love problem of getting back their husband, wife , or ex boyfriend and girlfriend to contact [email protected] and you will see that your problem will be solved without any delay.

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I used to think Love Spell was bogus but after Kim left me I felt open-minded to try it. Maybe I was desperate too. But this is real! In just 48 hours, priestess shadi restored the love we had for each other back. I didn't expect the spell would work so fast. it has only just 48 hours since priestess shadi cast the spell and Kim is already after me!! Since last week-end she phoned at least 5 times. I believe she seems to realize her mistakes. It's absolutely happening as priestess shadi said!! Thank you! Your work is helping me so much. Without this spell caster I would feel so lonely and miserable... Thank you! I want to express my warmest gratitude to [email protected] I'll never ever forget all the happiness you gave me. Each time I'll go to the Church, I'll pray for her. I highly recommend Dr Uma Sabo to you for whatever problem you are experiencing whether is love, money, pregnancy problem, Divorce problem or psychic powers. He is powerful. For the solution of problems and some problems she help/solve.........He can make your ex-lover wife/husband come back to you..........Business problems......Difficulty in birth.....Marriage problems....Healing all type of sickness......Madness.......Witchcraft......Jinns......Financial problems........Traveling issue ......helping of students........giving people magic......eyes problems.........broken bones.......Working on lotto numbers ........infertility........contact her today via email [email protected] and your problems will be solved..

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i want to tell the whole world how a powerful spell caster helped me get back my ex in three days....i never believed in power of spells until i had problems with my relationship...i was almost losing my boyfriend but for the timely intervention of this great spell caster who with her spells helped me get back my ex to come begging me and feeling so sorry....this spell caster is so genuine and powerful.......you can also contact her on her email........[email protected]

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i am clara,and i want to tell the world of how high priestess shadi helped me get back my husband....my 15 years marriage was gradually going to be a trash but for the timely intervention of a powerful spell caster i met....i was on the verge of losing my husband to some other woman and my family was getting divided gradually....then i met priestess shadi who with her spell powers helped me get back my man come begging me to forgive him for all he has done three days after the spell she casted.......now i have my man back and my family is back peaceful and happy again....i am so happy...........................you ever need any help of whatsoever spell then contact this powerful spell caster on her email ..............[email protected]

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Been a HIV positive is just like been through hell but EVERYTHING IS POSSIBLE. So amazing and i want to testify of the good work done by GREAT BABA a very strong and powerful spell caster. GREAT BABA has proved science and scientists wrong for believing and thinking that there is no cure for HIV AIDS  but to be sincere this GREAT MAN is so real and powerful. I never thought that this spell will work but this GREAT MAN has proved it to me and it has worked and still working perfectly. My Name is Randy Scott and i was diagnosed of the deadly disease called HIV AIDS in 2011 and i thought that is the end and there will be no hope. Speaking to anyone was always a problem because i was so worried and always in the state of unrest in fact i thought it was over until one blessed day when i was searching for help here on the internet, i came across a testimony about GREAT BABA on how he helped a lady who was HIV positive. At first i thought it was all a lie but i decided to give it a try since there was no option and, when i contacted this MAN he laughed and told me that, that is too small for him to handle but i was still in doubt,  and he gave me a form to fill which I did, then he called me and told me that his gods required some items in which he will use in casting a curing spell on me and he told me that it will cost only $500, I sent him the money because I could not find the items. He bought the items and prepared a cure for me, and instructed me on what to do and i OBEYED him completely as he told me. Then he sent a parcel to me through the courier delivery service. I paid for the courier service, I got my parcel, it was a holy water and a pure holy oil as described by GREAT BABA. I took the holy water and the holy oil and after taking it, he told me to go for check up but I was still in doubt and was so afraid to go for the test but i took a bold step and believed that it is well, and i believed all what he has done and all that he has told me. So i went to the hospital for the test it was so amazing, awesome and exciting what seems to be impossible became possible, the VIRUS disappeared completely from my system and I was tested HIV negative. Quickly I called him and told him what happened he congratulated me and today i am a happy man again the way things use to be. Don't you think that this testimony is worth sharing? I promise to tell the world about him and i will keep sharing this testimony till the end because many people has died of AIDS and i want many people who believed that it is over to know that EVERYTHING IS POSSIBLE AND I WANT THEM TO GET HELP FROM THIS SPELL CASTER by contacting him on his email at  [email protected] for your solution now. If you are hiv positive and you think that is over i want to tell you that there is hope for you and if you truly and dearly value your life please contact him now. THIS IS REAL HE IS NOT A SCAM. Thank you GREAT BABA and May your good gods keep rewarding you for your good deeds.
 

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i want to thank Dr sukuju for
the herbal HIV medicine he gave
to me and my daughter, i was suffering from
HIV when i gave birth to my
daughter and that was how my daughter got
the sickness indirect from me, but
to God be the glory that i am heal with the
herbal medicine that DR sukuju
gave to me when i contacted him. i want
to use this medium to tell
everyone that the solution to our sickness has
come, so i will like you to contact
this great healer on his email address:
drsukujuspelltemple@
gmail.com with him all your pains will be gone, i
am really happy today that i and my
daughter are cured of HIV, we are
now negative after the use of his
medicine,my doctor confirm it.
once more i say a big thank to
you Dr sukuju for healing hands upon my life and my daughter, i say may
God continue to bless you abundantly and
give you more power to keep
helping those that want your help
in their lives. email him now he is waiting
to receive you. :[email protected]
Or contact his number:+234814690929

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Good morning everyone, my name is joan from pakistan, I have been suffering from Hiv/Aids for over 4years now, and sauddenly, i have spent all my money all to make sure i get healthy all day, but happily, last month january 12th 2013, I came in contact with a traditional doctor also known as a chief priest on a newspaper who is called Dr charles who has help much people to cure their aids disease, firstly i taught it was a joke until i contacted him " [email protected] ' " and he said that if i am ready for this work, i told him yes, and he collected my details and told me that after he has finished consulting his oracle he will run back to me on when to go for a medical check up, i was unhealthyling surprise. And truly last week monday Dr charles called me to quickly go for a medical checkup, which I did, only to find out that I was not with any HiV disease anymore, my friends and families who left me before run back to me. I now found out that God in Heaven is using this man to bless and heal us all, he is a great and powerful man, again I say to you sir, that God almightly will uplift you and your great work you did for I and other people. Pls i will sincerely advice all Hiv patient to contact this great powerful man called Dr charles for your solutions now at :[email protected] he will help you on your Hiv problems.....email:[email protected]

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i am so fulfilled now.....i ordered a spell from priestess shadi some few weeks ago and though i was afraid at first of losing my money...i later became e so happy at the end cause i got results and all what i read about her testimonies turned out to be real......she helped me get back my ex and now he is so much in love with me..............her email is [email protected]

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i am giving this testimony cos l am happy My name is mrs. Lara Mark from Houston,taxes.i never believed in love spells or magic until i met this spell caster once. when i went to Africa in December this year on a business summit. i ment a man called dr. UKOSE.He is powerful he could help you cast a spells to bring back my love’s gone,misbehaving lover looking for some one to love you, bring back lost money and magic money spell or spell for a good job.i’m now happy & a living testimony cos the man i had wanted to marry left me 3 weeks before our wedding and my life was upside down cos our relationship has been on for 2 years… i really loved him, but his mother was against me and he had no good paying job. so when i met this spell caster, i told him what happened and explained the situation of things to him..at first i was undecided,skeptical and doubtful, but i just gave it a try. and in 6 days when i returned to taxes, my boyfriend (is now my husband ) he called me by himself and came to me apologizing that everything had been settled with his mom and family and he got a new job interview so we should get married..i didn’t believe it cos the spell caster only asked for my name and my boyfriends name and all i wanted him to do… well we are happily married now and we are expecting our little kid,and my husband also got a new job and our lives became much better. in case anyone needs the spell caster for some help, email address [email protected] Great UKOSE i thank you very much thank you in 1000000 times.. if not you i would have been losted and wasted thank you.  please make sure you contact him for any financial difficulties okay..  What a powerful man such as DrUKOSE.. he is so much powerful..\\ email him for any difficulties.. [email protected]  

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 I want to say hello to the world at large, I am very grateful for the good deeds DR. Henry did for me, I was a HIV patient, everything went bad for me, I couldn’t do things with my friends anymore, I loosed my job, I loosed everything, I was even waiting for death itself, I went searching on the internet I saw many testimonies on how different spell casters helped people in curing their deadly diseases, I collected one spell caster’s email, which DR. Henry I emailed him and he answered me, I told him all problems, he ask me not to worry, that I will be free from the deadly disease, which I did, he casted the spell, and told me that he will send a holy water to me through courier services, I was surprised, because he did not mention it to me before, I paid for the courier delivery service, I got a holy water, he asked me to drink it which I did and he asked me to go for a medical check-up in a hospital, I went to the hospital I went for a HIV test, I was tested HIV negative, I was shocked, I asked myself, “is there still good helpers out there”? I promised to share my testimony to the whole world, I’m now free, I have a better job, if you are passing through pains you need help you can share your problems to DR. Henry through [email protected] you can call on this number +2348142730313

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I WANT TO QUICKLY USE THIS OPPORTUNITY TO THANK THE MOST POWERFUL SPELL CASTER TO ME WHO CAST A SPELL FOR ME TO GET MY LOVER BACK. MY LOVER LEFT ME AND RUN AFTER ANOTHER GIRL, HE CLAIMED HE WAS NO LONGER FEELING OUR RELATIONSHIP. HE BLOCKED ME OFF HIS PHONE AND MAIL. I TRIED ALL I COULD TO GET HIM BACK, BUT TO NO AVAIL. 3 DIFFERENT SPELL CASTERS DECEIVED ME AND GO AWAY WITH MY MONEY AND DID NOTHING FOR ME. A FRIEND WHOM DRlala HAS HELPED BEFORE GAVE ME HIS CONTACT AND ASSURE ME OF POSITIVE RESULT. I WAS ACTUALLY CONFUSED AND SCARED BECAUSE I DONT WANT TO LOOSE ANY MORE MONEY. SHE ENCOURAGE ME TO GIVE A TRY, I DECIDED TO GIVE MY LAST TRY, TO MY GREATEST SURPRISE, DR lala CAST A SPELL FOR ME AND MY LOVER CONTACTED ME IN LESS THAN 48HOURS AND HE ACTUALLY CAME BACK LOOKING FOR ME. HE PROPOSED MARRIAGE TO ME AND NOW WE ARE GETTING MARRIED IN 3WEEKS TIME. THANKS TO YOU DR lala, I WILL FOR EVER REMAIN GRATEFUL TO YOU. I ADVICE ANY ONE SEEKING FOR A REAL AND GENUINE SPELL CASTER NOT TO WASTE ANY MONEY OR TIME WITH FAKE SPELL CASTERS, JUST GO STRAIGHT TO DR lala NOW, HIS CONTACT EMAIL IS  [email protected]
  [email protected]
, I AM 100% SURE HE WILL HELP YOU TOO. ONCE AGAIN, THANK YOU SIR, YOU ARE REALLY AS GREAT AS MY FRIEND TOLD ME.

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Truthfully, i was tested HIV + positive last 3years. I keep on managing the drugs i usually purchase from the health care agency to keep me healthy and strenghtful, i tried all i can too make this disease leave me alone, but unfortunately, it keep on eating up my life, this is what i caused myself, for allowing my fiance make sex to me insecurely without protection, although i never knew he is HIV positive. So last few 4days i came in contact with a lively article on the internet on how this Powerful Herb Healer get her well and healed. So as a patient i knew this will took my life 1 day, and i need to live with other friends and relatives too. So i copied out the Dr Zuma zuk the traditional healer’s email id: [email protected] and I mailed him immediately, in a little while he mail me back that i was welcome to his temple home were by all what i seek for are granted. I was please at that time. And i continue with him, he took some few details from me and told me that he shall get back to me as soon as he is through with my work. I was very happy as heard that from him. So Yesterday, as i was just coming from my friends house, Dr Zuma zuk called me to go for checkup in the hospital and see his marvelous work that it is now HIV negative, i was very glad to hear that from him, so i quickly rush down to the nearest hospital to found out, only to hear from my hospital doctor called Browning Lewis that i am now HIV NEGATIVE. I jump up at him with the test note, he ask me how does it happen and i recede to him all i went through with Dr Zuma zuk I am now glad, so i am a gentle type of person that need to share this testimonies to everyone who seek for healing, because once you get calm and quiet, so the disease get to finish your life off. So i will advice you contact him today for your healing at the above details: Email ID:[email protected] CONTACT HIM NOW TO SAVE YOUR LIFE:[email protected] AS HE IS SO POWERFUL AND HELPFUL TO ALL THAT HAVE THIS SICKNESS

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Hello let me give this testimony to the public about a great man who help me out in serious illness I have HIV-AIDS for good 5year and I was almost going to the end of my life due to the way my skin look like all I have in my mind is let me just give up because life is not interesting to me any longer but I just pray for god every day to accept my soul when ever I’m gone lucky to me my kids sister run to me that she found a doctor in the internet who can cure HIV-AIDS she help me out on everything the man ask for my picture, so he can cast a spell on me from his temple after all he ask is done 45mins later I started getting more stronger my blood start flow normally for 4 to 5 days I start getting Wight before a month my body start developing my skin start coming up after 2month I went for HIV/AIDS test and I was tested negative I’m so happy that I can say I’m not a HIV patient if you have HIV-AID or any sickness please for your save contact him for cure now: [email protected], call +2348167089224

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Good-day every one, my name is Mike Clinton, i want to share my experience with the general public on how i got my hiv aids cured, i have been reading so-many post of some people who were cured of hiv, but i never believed them, but one day bi wanted to tests the faith of the DR OGBOLE, then i contacted him on his email on [email protected], when i contact him, he told me so many things about my life and so many thing about me which was 100% correct, then i pleaded with him to help me out, then to my greatest surprise he prepared some medicine and he asked me to take it, which i did exactly the way the asked me to take them, he told me that in three days time tat i should go and check on my hiv status, i was kind of been surprise, when i went to the hospital to check of my status, the doctor was so surprise when he saw that i was hiv negative, i did not know how i am going to thank DR OGBOLE for his good work so i decided to share with the general public on what the great DR did for me, i am so thankful to GOD, for sending DR OGBOLE to my rescue, of you are out there having same illness you can contact him so he can help you out on [email protected], i live in united kingdom, you can also call me if you wish on +447031948646, thanks for sharing from my experience.........................

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